Jujube Fruit, Health Benefits And Nutritional Information

Jujube Fruit, Health Benefits, And Nutritional Information. Indian jujube fruit still sounds strange to the ears of the Indonesians. Overview of the look and taste of this fruit is similar to a small apple. The shape is round or oval, thin-skinned and shiny. The sophisticated taste is crunchy-crispy sweet.

The fruit is known as Jujube India (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.) This, similar to the Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.). The difference, jujube India is smaller and not as sweet as the Chinese jujube. Besides, Indian jujube grows in tropical climates, while Chinese jujube only lives in a temperate country.

Jujube India has many names. There are cheap Chinese dates, some are rich Indian plums. Indonesian people know him as a fruit of bidara / widara.

Jujube is a 1.5-2 meter bush grove that can grow to as high as 15 meters. The top leaves are oval, shiny, and the color is dark green. While the bottom is white green. The flowers are small, yellow, and consist of five petals. This plant can connect it to stay alive during the dry season.

Jujube fruits hold the palms of adults. Green skin color when young, then turned yellowish and red if it is cooked. If it is too mature skin wrinkled and blackish. The taste of the fruit is slightly acidic when young, but it becomes sweet when it is ripe. In the middle of the fruit, there are 1-2 brown seeds.

Jujube fruit that has been cooked can be consumed raw or mixed in the drink. Can also be eaten with salt or made rujak. Jujube fruit is also fresh if made setup or sweets. In addition to the raw form, jujube is often processed as dried fruit, candy, pickles, and juice.

This fruit contains 30% sugar, 2.5% protein, and 12.8% carbohydrates. Jujube is also rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, beta-carotene, and fat. In India and China, this fruit is often used as a traditional medicine to cure various diseases. For example, injuries, stomach, lung, and fever.

If mixed with chili and salt, jujube efficacious disease and bile disease. Dry fruit is often used to relieve nausea and vomiting in pregnant women. Other efficacy is the health of diarrhea and rheumatism.

Jujube leaf is also useful for health. In Indonesia, young leaves are often made vegetables. Benefits vary, ranging from wound care and fever to asthma and liver disease. Old jujube leaves are often used for animal feed or silkworms.

Not only the fruit and the leaves, other jujube tree parts are also useful. The trunk of the tree is used to serve boats and house poles. The wood bark produces a yellow color and is often used as a textile dye. Nectar from the flowers can produce honey.

Unfortunately, the diverse benefits of this fruit are not put to good use in Indonesia. Only India, China, and Thailand develop it commercially.

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