ADHD in children: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

ADHD in children: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment. ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which is one of the problems children often experience. Symptoms include a child who is unconcerned, impulsive (quick inferences), and hyperactivity, but symptoms do differ between children. ADHD was previously called ADD, or deficit attention disorder (without hyperactivity). Both children and adults can have ADHD, but symptoms always start in childhood. Children with ADHD usually have difficulty sitting still, following directions, and completing tasks at home or school.

Children with ADHD have signs of lack of attention to something, more hyperactive, or impulsive in some way. These children:

  • In constant motion or not
  • Restless or a lot of poles
  • Not able to listen to the person talking to him
  • Difficulty playing quietly
  • Often exaggerated
  • Interfering with friends or annoying others
  • Easy to feel distracted / easily distracted
  • Unable to complete the task thoroughly

How Is ADHD Diagnosed?

Although your child may have some symptoms that look like ADHD, but not necessarily ADHD. That's why you need to visit a doctor to check it out.

There are no specific tests or definitive tests for ADHD. However, the diagnosis of this disease requires a process with several steps at the same time involving a lot of information from various sources. You, your child, your child's school, and other caregivers should be involved in assessing the child's behavior. A doctor will also ask how long the symptoms start, and how the family behaves towards the child. Doctors diagnose ADHD in childhood when the child has demonstrated 6 or more symptoms of ADHD-specific symptoms for more than 6 months in at least 2 visits. The doctor will consider how the child's behavior is compared to other children of the same age.

A doctor will perform a physical exam, ask for a medical history, and may even suggest performing a non-invasive brain scan (such as CT-scan, MRI).

Doctors can determine if the child has ADHD by using the standard guidelines developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, which says conditions can be diagnosed in children aged 4-18.

It is difficult to diagnose ADHD in children younger than age 5 because many preschoolers have some symptoms that look like ADHD in various situations. Also, children change very quickly during the preschool years.

In some cases, there are behaviors that look similar to ADHD but may not be the same caused by:

  • A sudden change of life (such as divorce, death in the family, or environmental move)
  • The seizures are undetectable
  • Medical disorders that affect brain function
  • Worry
  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorder
3 Types of ADHD in Children

Doctors can classify symptoms as the following ADHD types:

  • Combined type (negligent / hyperactive / impulsive). Children with this type of ADHD show all these symptoms. This is the most common symptom of ADHD.
  • Type hyperactive / impulsive. Children show both hyperactive and impulsive behaviors, but for the most part, they are able to concentrate
  • Type of negligent. Previously this disorder is called attention deficit disorder (ADD). These children are not very active. They do not interfere with classes or other activities, so their symptoms may not be too

Treatment and care

The treatment plan includes special programs on education, psychological intervention, and drug therapy. Learn as much as possible about treatment options and discuss with child health care providers so parents can make the best plans for children.

Research shows that long-term treatment with a combination of medication and behavioral therapist is much better than just medication alone, or even no special care in managing hyperactive, impulsive, attention-defying, and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Children treated with ADHD medications and behavioral therapists will also have better social skills.

Medication for ADHD children

This type of drug called psychostimulant (or sometimes just a stimulant) is a very effective treatment for ADHD in children. These drugs, including Adderall, Vyvanse, Concert, Focalin, Daytrana, Ritalin, and Quillivant XR, can help children focus their thoughts and ignore the distractions that distort them.

Another treatment used to treat ADHD in children is non-stimulant medication. These medications include Intuniv, Kapvay, and Strattera.

Other forms of ADHD child care that may benefit the child include:

  • Social skills training. This can help children with ADHD learn behaviors that will help them develop and maintain social relationships.
  • Support groups and parenting skills training. This includes support for parents and helps them learn more about ADHD and how to become a parent for children with ADHD.
What is the best treatment for my child?

No single treatment is the answer for every child with ADHD. each child's needs and personal health history of each child should be carefully considered.

For example, a child may have unwanted side effects on drugs, thus making certain medications unacceptable. If a child with ADHD also has problems with anxiety or depression, combining drugs and behavioral therapy can be the best best option.

It's important to discuss with your doctor to find the best solution for your child.

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